Blockchain, cryptocurrency, tokens, NFTs… these are some of the most searched key terms in the fintech industry today, mainly because these crypto terms are current and “new,” and to some, they may seem overly complex.

If you’re interested in DeFi or TradFi you’ll stumble across one or more of these terms to know, which is why we thought we’d share a comprehensive glossary to make these concepts simple and digestible.

This glossary will bring you up to speed with all the relevant DeFi and TradFi terms to know – all geared towards bolstering the understanding and widespread application of all of these concepts within the industry and beyond. 

Bookmark this page for future reference, and don’t forget to refer back to it –We will be updating it often.

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Bear Market

Periods of time where a market is displaying a negative trend.


Something that serves as a measurement standard by which the performance of other assets can be gauged.

Beta (Coefficient)

A tool used to measure the volatility of an asset in comparison to the volatility of a specific portfolio or market index.

Beta (Release)

An early version of a program that allows users to test out the software to find any bugs and provide feedback.


The largest cryptocurrency in the market by total capitalization. Created by the pseudonymous developer(s) Satoshi Nakamoto, Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency.

Bitcoin Core

The most popular software used to connect to the Bitcoin network and run a node.

Bitcoin Dominance

The ratio of the market capitalization of Bitcoin against the market capitalization of the entire cryptocurrency market.

Black Swan Event

An unexpected occurrence that deviates from the expected and has wide-ranging consequences.


A list of people or things that are regarded as unacceptable or untrustworthy and should be excluded or avoided. In blockchain, blacklist usually refers specifically to a list of wallet addresses.


A computer file that stores transaction data and can be connected in a linear fashion to form a blockchain.

Block Explorer

A block explorer is an online blockchain browser that can show the details of all transactions that have ever happened on a blockchain network. Think of them as a ‘Google Search’ of a specific blockchain network. There are different block explorers for different blockchain networks. Etherscan is the main block explorer for the Ethereum blockchain.

Block Explorer

An online webpage that allows users to explore various data points such as blocks or transactions on a specific blockchain network.

Block Header

The section in a block that contains its metadata and a summary of the block’s transactions.

Block Height

The number of blocks in a chain between the most recent block and the first block, which is also known as the genesis block.

Block Reward

The number of coins released to miners following each successfully mined and validated block.


A data structure, or an implementation of the data structure, that is comprised of a cryptographically-linked list of blocks and is commonly used to maintain an immutable ledger by means of a distributed peer-to-peer blockchain network. A decentralized digital ledger that chronologically records transaction information about a cryptocurrency.

Blockchain Framework

a reference blockchain implementation that other communities have forked such that their respective blockchain implementations are similar in that their nodes behave similarly, consume similar configuration files, are compatible with similar SDKs, and are easier to link via IBC. Often, blockchain frameworks are broken down into components that drive the node and components that developers utilize to access the blockchain network— these are referred to as the Blockchain Protocol and the Blockchain Software Development Kit (SDK), respectively.

Blockchain Implementation

a piece of software that, when executed, launches a blockchain node that has the ability to join a blockchain network.

Blockchain Network

a high-level network of interconnected blockchain nodes that work together as a distributed operating system to facilitate transactions and maintain a single blockchain ledger.

Bollinger Bands

A technical analysis indicator consisting of two sidelong bands and a simple moving average that measures market volatility.

Borrow limit

A borrow limit is the amount of money that individuals can borrow from other individuals or parties. This amount can be determined by a range of factors, including the total assets a person has, the. value of collateralised assets, etc.


n finance, borrowing refers to receiving financial resources by an entity or person from another entity or person with predefined mutually agreed-upon terms. Borrowing assets usually incurs a cost to the borrower as the borrow assets usually have an interest rate on amount borrowed.


A reward offered by a group or individual to incentivize a certain outcome, such as the completion of some work or the referral of new users.

Break-Even Point (BEP)

The point where the revenue of an operation matches the cost to run the operation.


When the price of an asset experiences a significant move away from a support or resistance area.

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